Municipal Solid Waste Recycling Methods

Jun 4, 2022 64 AIShred

Biological or thermal treatment of municipal solid waste can result in recovery of useful products such as compost or energy.

Biological Processes

Biological treatment involves using micro-organisms to decompose the biodegradable components of waste. Two types of processes are used, namely:

In the aerobic process the utilisable product is compost. In the anaerobic process the utilisable product is methane gas (for energy recovery). Both processes have been used for waste processing in different countries – a majority of the biological treatment process adopted world-wide are aerobic composting; the use of anaerobic treatment has been more limited.

Thermal Processes

Thermal treatment involves conversion of waste into gaseous, liquid and solid conversion products with concurrent or subsequent release of heat energy. Three types of systems can be adopted, namely:

Combustion system is the most widely adopted thermal treatment process world-wide for MSW. Though pyrolysis is a widely used industrial process, the pyrolysis of municipal solid waste has not been very successful. Similarly, successful results with mass fired gasifiers have not been achieved. However both pyrolysis and gasification can emerge as viable alternatives in the future.

To be viable for energy recovery through thermal processing, the municipal solid waste must possess a relatively high calorific value. In the MSW generated in developed countries, presence of significant quantity of paper and plastics yields a high calorific value of the MSW (typically above 2000 kcal/kg) which makes it suitable for thermal processing. 

Other Processes

AIShred offers tailor-made MSW handling and recycling solutions, contact us for details.

Solid Waste Management MSW Recycling
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